Espresso is often considered the most basic coffee, and for good reason. It is used as the key base ingredient for a number of different coffee drinks. However, the often similar compositions of those drinks may cause confusion for some people.
What is the difference between Cappuccino vs Latte? How about Cortados and flat whites? Are Americanos and Espressos the same thing?
This guide will aim to answer these questions and help you understand the different types of Espresso-based drinks out there.
An Espresso shot is simply espresso that is served in a tiny cup, usually around 30 millilitres. It is very concentrated and caffeine-rich, which makes it the perfect drink to sip in the morning to start your day. Also, make sure that you stir it a little before drinking so that all the layers mix.
Double Espresso Shot
A Double Espresso, also called Espresso Doppio, is exactly like what the name suggests. It is basically two cups of a single Espresso shot poured into the same cup (around 60 millilitres total). If you are looking to drink a bit more coffee or you want that extra kick of caffeine, then opting for a double instead of a single shot is the way to go.
Some people think that an Americano is the same as an Espresso. While they are similar, they are not the same. An Americano can be considered a diluted version of an Espresso as it mixes Espresso with water, with usually around 120 millilitres of water used for each shot. They lack the intense bitterness of an Espresso but still retain its characteristics.
A Cappuccino is made of a shot of Espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam. The exact ratio may differ from place to place, but it is usually an equal 1:1:1. This drink was very popular in World War 2, and it is still today!
A Latte is made of the same ingredients as a Cappuccino, with the only differentiating factor being the ratio. While Cappuccinos tend to have an equal ratio of Espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam, Lattes are usually ⅓ Espresso, ⅔ steamed milk, and only have a thin layer of milk foam on top.
The word “Macchiato” means stained or marked in Italian. This is a fitting name since it is a drink made from a shot of Espresso mixed with a little bit of foamed milk. The ratio is usually ⅔ Espresso and ⅓ milk foam.
Hailing from Spain, this drink is made from equal parts Espresso and equal parts foamed milk. A Cortado retains the intensity of an Espresso, with the foamed milk adding a small element of sweetness to the drink.
Flat Whites are often mixed with Cortados, but they are slightly different. A very popular drink in New Zealand and Australia, a Flat White consists of ⅔ foamed milk and ⅓ Espresso. The milk is micro-foamed, giving the drink a velvety and smooth texture. It is also less bitter than a Cortado due to the extra milk.